See also: Mexican Wolf Pictures
The Mexican Wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) is a rare subspecies of gray wolf native to North America, were considered an endangered species in 1976, and are now extinct in the wild. An estimated 340 animals are still alive, found in breeding facilities across the USA and Mexico. It is the smallest subspecies on the continent, and is the most genetically varied.
The original range of the Mexican Wolf started in the north in central Arizona, southern New Mexico, weasern parts of Texas and extended south to the Chihuahuan and Sonoran Deserts in Mexico. They were killed off by government programs and private citizens once the Mexican Wolf started killing livestock, a reaction to their natural prey (deer, elk, etc) being reduced.
These small wolves will grow to no more than 1.5 metres in length, and reach a height topping out at 80 cm. The average weight of the Mexican Wolf is about 70 lbs. It resembles a lot of European wolf species, with longer ears, shorter tail, and broader neck and head.
Mexican Wolf Taxonomical Classification
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Mammalia
- Order: Carnivora
- Family: Canidae
- Genus: Canis
- Species: C. lupus
- Subspecies: C. l. baileyi
- Trinomial name: Canis lupus baileyi