Once living on the island province of Newfoundland off the eastern shores of Canada, the Newfoundland wolf (Canis lupus beothucus) is an extinct subspecies of the Gray Wolf.
They were large wolves, with a white coat and a black stripe down their backs. Officially described after extinction, they are named after the native Beothuk of Newfoundland, hence "beothucus".
The Newfoundland wolf was last seen in the wild in 1911 (it was shot), and was officially declared extinct in 1930. Settlers to the area considered them cattle killers, and a bounty was declared on the wolf. The following hunting and trapping reduced their numbers quickly. During this time there was also a declining population of caribou, further adding to the problem.
There has been a few instances, all in 2012, of the Newfoundland Wolf still being alive. Genetic testing on 2 different animals resulted in positive identification of the Newfoundland Wolf. This obviously means the Newfoundland Wolf isn't exactly extinct, however there is no evidence of breeding, and still no evidence of re-population.
Newfoundland wolf Taxonomical Classification
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Mammalia
- Order: Carnivora
- Family: Canidae
- Genus: Canis
- Species: C. lupus
- Subspecies: C. l. beothucus
- Trinomial name: Canis lupus beothucus